WHAT IS GINGIVITIS?
Inflammation of gum is Called gingivitis. it occurs when plaque or bacteria accumulates on the
teeth. An extremely common, early, and treatable form of periodontal disease. But if gingivitis is
untreated, it can lead to a severe inflammation and infection of the gums, teeth, and small
periodontal ligaments that link your teeth to the bone and the tooth socket. Eventually, if
continued to be left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss, or worse.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GINGIVITIS?
1. Swollen gums
2. Bleeding gums[when you brush or floss]
3. Bad breath
4. Painful gums
5. Loose teeth
6. Receded gums
RISK FACTORS OF GINGIVITIS?
1. Some people are more prone to getting gingivitis than others.
2. Gingivitis is particularly likely to occur in people with DIABETES,AIDS,OR LEUKEMIA.
3. Other factor linked to elevated level of gingivitis include;
4. Improper brushing habits
6. Smoking or chewing tobacco
7. Certain medications[oral contraceptives, steroids, calcium channel blockers,]
8. Genetic factors
9. Pregnancy [hormonal imbalances]
11. Vitamin c deficiency
12. Poor fitting fillings or crowns
13. Mouth breathing
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR GUM DISEASE?
Removing the source of infection is primarily how gingivitis is treated.
Scaling, Rootplaning and curettage of periodontal pocket [Basic periodontal treatment]
Scaling removes plaque and tartar from above and below gumline.
Root planing smoothes the tooth root and helps gums reattach to the root.
Curettage is surgical procedure designed to remove soft tissue lining of periodontal pocket.
Flap surgery[advanced periodontal treatment.
HOW TO PREVENT GUM DISEASE?
Brushing two times a day with fluoride tooth paste
Use dental floss to clean plaque between teeth at least once a day
Use of antiseptic mouth rinse.
Eat healthy diet
Avoid tobacco use.
Schedule regular dental checkups and cleaning
WHAT’S THE CONNECTION BETWEEN GENERAL HEALTH AND ORAL HEALTH?
Studies suggest that oral bacteria associated with severe form of gum disease
might play a role in systemic diseases and conditions which are Endocarditis,
Cardiovascular diseases, Pregnancy and birth complication, Pneumonia.
Conditions that affect oral health
4. Alzheimer’s Disease